Hepatitis B Diagnosed and Treated by Top Doctors at Mercy in Baltimore


This 3D medial animation describes Hepatitis A and B. This animation begins by showing a healthy liver and explaining its function. The animation then goes on to explain the causes of Hepatitis A and B, how these viruses may be transmitted, the effects the virus can have as well as possible treatments.

At The Center for Liver and Hepatobiliary Diseases at Mercy in Baltimore, Dr. Paul ThuluvathDr. Anurag Maheshwari and Dr. Hwan Yoo specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of liver disease, including hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Our doctors are committed to finding innovative treatment options and conducts research studies to discover the best treatment options for hepatitis B. 

About the Condition

Hepatitis B is a virus that infects the liver causing the liver to become inflamed. Most people get hepatitis B for a short period of time, which is called acute hepatitis B. Sometimes the virus causes a long-term infection called chronic hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B is spread through contact with the blood and bodily fluids of an infected person. A hepatitis B vaccine, given in a series of three shots, prevents hepatitis B infection. 

NEXT: Symptoms & Diagnostic Process ›
Symptoms & Diagnostic Process

In some cases of hepatitis B, symptoms do not appear. Sometimes people with chronic hepatitis B are not aware they have the hepatitis B virus until they are diagnosed with a severe liver disease, such as cirrhosis or liver cancer.

In other cases, symptoms of hepatitis B appear a few months after becoming infected. Symptoms of both acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis B include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Stomach pain
  • Sore muscles
  • Jaundice
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Fatigue

To detect hepatitis B, a simple blood test is performed.

NEXT: Treatment Options ›
Treatment Options

Most cases of hepatitis B dissipate without any intervention. Treatment for hepatitis B depends on whether the infection is causing liver damage. Currently, there are effective medications for hepatitis B. Most people with chronic hepatitis B live active, normal lives by taking good care of themselves and getting regular checkups including liver cancer surveillance. Sometimes chronic hepatitis B can lead to severe liver damage. In some cases, a liver transplant may be required.

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