Hydronephrosis Treated by Mercy's Top Urology Doctors in Baltimore

The Urology Center at Mercy - Baltimore, MD

Patients throughout the Baltimore region seek the expertise of The Urology Specialists of Maryland at Mercy Medical Center. Our exceptional team of urology specialists who cover a broad range of kidney conditions like hydronephrosis, the swelling of the kidney due to the buildup of urine. 

About the Condition

When urine cannot flow out of the kidney, the kidney can swell. This is called Hydronephrosis. It may be caused by an obstruction in the urethra (tube that releases urine) or the bladder or from kidney stones. The condition can result in urinary tract infections and kidney infection.  The condition can also lead to kidney function failure.

NEXT: Symptoms & Diagnostic Process ›
Symptoms & Diagnostic Process

Symptoms of hydronephrosis include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain and pressure
  • Swollen bladder
  • Urinary tract infections

The symptoms, however, will depend on how extensive the blockage is, if one or both kidneys are affected, if the swelling is sudden or gradual and the true cause of the condition.
Hydronephrosis diagnosis may include:

  • Blood tests
  • Urinalysis
  • Imaging tools such as an ultrasound, CT or MRI
NEXT: Treatment Options ›
Treatment Options

The treatment for kidney swelling is to remove the obstruction so urine can flow and to drain the urine from the kidney. So, depending on where the obstruction has occurred – upper urinary tract, lower urinary tract – our doctors will determine the best treatment option which can include antibiotics or tube insertions to drain the urine. Surgery is not always necessary. 

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