The symptoms of lupus can vary greatly in sign and severity, and may depend on the areas directly affected by the disease. Many patients with lupus have mild symptoms that may grow in severity for brief periods of time, commonly referred to as flares. The most common signs and symptoms of lupus include the following:
- Joint pain, inflammation and redness
- Shortness of breath and chest pain
- Skin rashes
- Headaches and memory loss
Diagnosing lupus may be difficult because the signs and symptoms vary greatly, and may overlap those of other conditions or diseases. An accurate diagnosis should be completed by an experienced rheumatologist using a combination of blood and urine tests, as well as other physical examinations and imaging tests.
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