Inflammatory Myositis Diagnosed and Treated at Mercy

Rheumatology at Mercy - Baltimore, MD

The experienced rheumatologists of Rheumatology at Mercy, provide comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory myositis including, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, inclusion body myositis, and necrotizing autoimmune myopathy.

About the Condition

Inflammatory myositis (or myopathy) is an autoimmune disease in which the body attacks its own soft tissues, including muscles and tendons. Myositis can sometimes be the result of a viral infection or reaction to a medication.

There are 4 main types of inflammatory myositis - polymyositis, dermatomyositis, inclusion body myositis, and necrotizing autoimmune myopathy.

Polymyositis – affects skeletal muscles.

Dermatomyositis – affects blood vessels that supply blood to muscle and skin. Often causing rashes, rough or scaly skin and small painful bumps under the skin.

Inclusion Body Myositis – produces progressive muscle weakness in arm and/or leg muscles.

Necrotizing Autoimmune Myopathy – affects the lower and/or upper body. Symptoms appear more suddenly and are often severe.

NEXT: Symptoms & Diagnostic Process ›
Symptoms & Diagnostic Process

Symptoms of any inflammatory myositis can vary from patient-to-patient, however the most common symptoms are:

  • Rash
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Difficulty swallowing or speaking
  • Difficulty with everyday tasks such lifting, sitting, climbing stairs or grasping objects

Diagnosis of inflammatory myopathies can be difficult since symptoms can vary. A doctor may recommend several tests to confirm diagnosis, such as blood tests, MRI, EMG and/or muscle biopsy.

NEXT: Treatment Options ›
Treatment Options

Treatment can vary from patient-to-patient depending on the severity of the inflammation and the location. Treatment options include:

  • Rest
  • Physical therapy
  • Exercise
  • Heat and ice therapy
  • Assistive devices (cane, crutches)
  • Medication

Inflammatory myopathies cannot be cured, but can be managed and treated in collaboration with an experienced physician.