The aim of treatment is to bring blood pressure readings back down into the normal range and keep them there. Prompt treatment can prevent or lessen complications such as heart disease, kidney failure or stroke.
If lifestyle changes are recommended they may include the following:
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Eat a heart-healthy diet
- Limit alcohol and caffeine
- Stay physically active
- Stop smoking
- Learn ways to manage stress
Many types of medication are available to effectively control hypertension:
- ACE inhibitors
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers
- Calcium channel blockers
- Alpha blockers
- Alpha-beta blockers
- Nervous system inhibitors
Often more than one drug is needed to keep blood pressure in the normal range. It is very important to take the medications as directed. Do not stop taking them without checking with your doctor.
The physicians at The Heart Center at Mercy can assist you in finding the best treatment for controlling hypertension and can help you maintain a healthy lifestyle through ongoing monitoring of your blood pressure and regular checkups.