High Blood Glucose Treatment Options at Mercy Medical Center

Endocrinology Center- Bone Health, Thyroid, Diabetes Treatment - Baltimore

High blood glucose is one of several conditions managed by endocrinologists at The Center for Endocrinology at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore, Maryland. Mercy’s specialists help patients diagnosed with Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes, to control their blood glucose levels.

About the Condition

High blood glucose, or hyperglycemia, occurs when the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not use the insulin correctly. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and helps to move sugar, or glucose, into the body’s cells to create energy. When there is a lack of insulin, sugar builds up in the blood causing high blood glucose levels. 

High blood glucose can be toxic and lead to:

  • Heart disease
  • Kidney failure
  • Neuropathy (nerve damage)
  • Eye damage
  • Foot problems
  • Decreased circulation

Having a high blood sugar level can be a symptom of diabetes, including Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. It is important to have the correct balance of diet, exercise and insulin to keep the sugar level in the blood at a normal level. If there is not enough sugar in the bloodstream, low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, occurs.

NEXT: Symptoms & Diagnostic Process ›
Symptoms & Diagnostic Process

Certain medications, infections or illnesses can cause hyperglycemia. Eating too many carbohydrates as part of a regular diet may also cause hyperglycemia.

 Symptoms of hyperglycemia can include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Blurred vision
  • Itchy or dry skin
  • Fatigue  
  • Weight loss

When high blood glucose leads to dehydration, it can cause trouble breathing, dizziness when standing up or confusion. Having hyperglycemia for several hours can become a medical emergency and needs to be treated immediately.

NEXT: Treatment Options ›
Treatment Options

The best treatment options for high blood glucose start with monitoring blood sugar levels. A balanced diet, exercise and medications also help keep blood sugar levels normal.