Untreated atherosclerosis can lead to coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease and stroke.
Treatment is aimed at returning blood cholesterol levels to the normal range through a combination of medications and lifestyle adjustments.
Medications may include:
- Statins (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors)
- Resins (bile acid sequestrants)
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors)
- Fibrates (fibric acid derivatives)
- Niacin (B vitamin)
Lifestyle adjustments may include:
- Stop smoking
- Moderate exercise plan
- Heart-healthy diet
- Strategies for stress management
Other treatments will be determined by any complications of atherosclerosis that are found.